Anti-inflammatory effects of montelukast on smoke-induced lung injury in rats

  • Ilknur Basyigit | ilknur.basyigit@gmail.com Kocaeli University, School of Medicine, Department of Pulmonary Disease Umuttepe, Kocaeli, Turkey.
  • Murat Sahin Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Kocaeli Government Hospital,, Turkey.
  • Deniz Sahin Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey.
  • Fusun Yildiz Department of Pulmonary Diseases, School of Medicine, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey.
  • Hasim Boyaci Department of Pulmonary Diseases, School of Medicine, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey.
  • Serap Sirvanci Department of Histology and Embryology, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • Feriha Ercan Department of Histology and Embryology, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the effects of montelukast in smoke- induced lung injury.
Methods: 28 Wistar-Albino rats were enrolled into 4 groups with 7 rats per group. The healthy control group was exposed to fresh air while all rats in the 3 experimental groups were exposed to cigarette smoke for 20 weeks for 2 hours per day. After histopathological verification of smoke induced lung injury, montelukast (0.1 mg/kg) dissolved in Na2CO3 was given in one group (MON), Na2CO3 only was given in another group (MON control) and placebo was injected in the third group (COPD control) intraperitoneally for 21 days. At the end of this period blood samples were obtained for serum TNF-α assessment and light and electron microscopy analy- ses were performed on the lung tissues of sacrificed rats.

Results: Serum TNF-α levels in the MON group were signifi- cantly lower than in the MON control and COPD control groups (38.84 ± 4.9 pg/ml, 77.5 ± 5.8 pg/ml and 79.2 ± 6.9 pg/ml respectively, p < 0.05). Furthermore there was no sta- tistically significant difference between the MON group and healthy controls with respect to serum TNF-α levels (38.84 ± 4.9 pg/ml vs. 29.5 ± 3.6 pg/ml, p > 0.05). Light and electron microscopic evaluation of the lungs demonstrated that the total histopathological damage score of the lung samples was significantly lower in the MON group than in MON controls and COPD controls (5.14 ± 0.5, 8.4 ± 0.6 and 8.7 ± 0.4 respec- tively, p < 0.05), while there was no significant difference between the MON group and healthy controls (5.1 ± 0.6 vs 2.3 ± 0.2, p > 0.05).

Conclusion: These findings suggest that montelukast might have a protective effect on smoke-induced lung injury in rats both from a histopathological and inflammatory point of view.

 

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Published
2010-01-19
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Original Research Articles
Keywords:
Chronic bronchitis, inflammation, montelukast, smoking.
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How to Cite
Basyigit, I., Sahin, M., Sahin, D., Yildiz, F., Boyaci, H., Sirvanci, S., & Ercan, F. (2010). Anti-inflammatory effects of montelukast on smoke-induced lung injury in rats. Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/mrm.2010.516