Qualitative aspects of exertional dyspnea in patients with restrictive lung disease

Multidisciplinary Focus on: Dyspnea. Edited by / a cura di Giorgio Scano

  • Pierantonio Laveneziana | pier_lav@yahoo.it Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Immunology and Respiratory Medicine, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Abstract

Restrictive lung disease is a broad term encompassing a num- ber of conditions in which lung volumes are reduced. Dyspnea is a common clinical manifestation of restrictive lung disease and frequently becomes a prominent and disabling symptom that undermines patients’ ability to function and engage in activities of daily living (especially in those with more advanced restriction). Effective management of this disabling symptom awaits a better understanding of its underlying physiology. In recent decades, our understanding of the mechanisms of dyspnea in restrictive lung disease has been improved by a small, but significant, body of research. One approach to the study of dyspnea is to identify the major qualitative dimensions of the symptom in an attempt to uncover different underlying neurophysiologic mechanisms. This article will review the existing literature on the intensity and qualitative dimensions of dyspnea during exercise in patients with restrictive lung disease. The main focus will be on interstitial lung disease (ILD), since it is the prototypical restrictive disease.

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Published
2010-01-15
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Section
State of the art
Keywords:
Dynamic lung hyperinflation, dyspnea, respiratory me- chanics, restrictive lung disease.
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How to Cite
Laveneziana, P. (2010). Qualitative aspects of exertional dyspnea in patients with restrictive lung disease: Multidisciplinary Focus on: Dyspnea. Edited by / a cura di Giorgio Scano. Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/mrm.2010.530