Preemptive non-selective bronchial artery angioembolization to reduce recurrence rate of hemoptysis

  • Mohammad Sadegh Keshmiri Lung Transplantation Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Shadi Shafaghi | shafaghishadi@yahoo.com Lung Transplantation Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9960-8854
  • Babak Sharif-Kashani Tobacco Prevention and Control Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Ali Sadoughi Divisions of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, United States.
  • Fariba Ghorbani Tracheal Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Farah Naghashzadeh Lung Transplantation Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Atefeh Abedini Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of.

Abstract

Background: Massive hemoptysis which is presented in advanced lung diseases is a life-threatening condition. Bronchial artery embolization as a minimally invasive procedure is the treatment of choice either in first or recurrent hemoptysis. This study aimed to assess the early and late efficacy of bronchial angioembolization (BAE) without microcatheter.
Methods: In this prospective cohort study, all patients with hemoptysis who had undergone BAE from August 2018 to March 2019 were included. Angiographic patterns including bleeding sources, number of involved vessels, the underlying etiology, and recurrence rate were evaluated in a one-year follow-up.
Results: 153 patients were included with mean age of 55 ±16 years. 68% of them were male and 58% had life-threatening massive hemoptysis. Three distinct angiographic patterns were recognized. The culprit bleeding vessel was bronchial in 126 (92%), intercostal in 4 (3%), and both vessels in 7 (5%) of cases (P<0.05). One vessel involvement was seen in 56 patients; however it was observed in 69% of non-cystic fibrosis lobar bronchiectasis patients. In 1, 3 and 12 months follow up, recurrent hemoptysis was reported in 15 (11%), 4 (2.5%), and 24 (15.5%), respectively. In 52% of cases, no abnormal vessels were observed during aorta injection, but culprit bronchial or intercostal arteries were found in selective investigational angiography.
Conclusion: BAE was successful in the control of hemoptysis and resulted in a low rate of recurrence in different types of lung diseases. This could be due to the embolization of all pathological arteries found during angiography which might have prevented recurrent bleeding.

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Published
2020-12-30
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Original Research Articles
Keywords:
Bronchial artery, angioembolization, hemoptysis, recurrence
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How to Cite
Keshmiri, M. S., Shafaghi, S., Sharif-Kashani, B., Sadoughi, A., Ghorbani, F., Naghashzadeh, F., & Abedini, A. (2020). Preemptive non-selective bronchial artery angioembolization to reduce recurrence rate of hemoptysis. Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine, 15. https://doi.org/10.4081/mrm.2020.723